Journal of Molecular Structure (Theochem) 362 (1996) 215-224

Semiempirical molecular orbital calculation of geometric,
electronic, and vibrational structures of metal oxide, metal sulfide,
and other inorganic fullerene spheroids

M.E. Zandler, E.C. Behrman*, M.B. Arrasmith, J.R. Myers, T.V. Smith

Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS 67260-9932, USA

Received 30 May 1994; accepted 14 September 1995


We have performed semiempirical molecular orbital calculations, using the Austin Model 1# (AM1) and Parametric Method 3# (PM3) Hamiltonians of the program MOPAC for the geometric, electronic, and vibrational structure (ZnO)n (where n = 1 . . 16), spheroids, and (MX)12 analogs, where M = {Be, Mg, Zn, Cd, Hg, Pb, Sn, Ge, Si, C} when X = {O*, S} and where M = {B, Al} when X = {N, P}. Of these the symmetrical (ZnO)n (where n = 12 and 16) clusters are the most stable. All of the n = 12 analogs, including C24, Si24, and (SiC)12, were studied under Td(Oh) symmetry, where they were found to have stationary points on the electronic potential energy surface. Ab initio Hartree-Fock calculations done on (BeO)12, (BN)12, (MgO)12, C24 and (ZnO)12, using the program GAUSSIAN 92, confirm this result. All compounds were vibrationally stable except, unsurprisingly, (CO)12, which has six negative eigenvalues of the Hessian matrix under both AM1 and PM3, while (BeO)12 and (GeS)12 have three negative eigenvalues under PM3 but are stable under AM1. Properties computed include bond lengths, bond angles, bond orders, heats of formation, atom charges, valence electron orbital energies including HOMO and LUMO band seperation energy, and vibrational normal mode frequencies.

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